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How is the IRC responding to East Africa’s worst drought in 40 years? - Energy And Water Development Corp

How is the IRC responding to East Africa’s worst drought in 40 years?


Families living in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are struggling to put food on the table as they experience severe drought combined with food shortages caused by ongoing conflict in Ukraine. Right now, 20 million people are at risk of going hungry.


What are International Rescue Committee (IRC) teams doing to help children survive?


Long before the current drought, our teams in East Africa have been on the ground helping families build resiliency. East Africa is home to some of the IRC’s longest-running programs, with operations in Somalia spanning 40 years, Kenya 30 years and Ethiopia 20 years. Today, over 2,500 staff members in the region support families with water, sanitation and hygiene, health care, nutrition services and emergency cash support.


Travel with us across three countries in East Africa to see how our teams are working on the ground to support these children and families who need us now more than ever. First, let’s meet our teams in Somalia.


Somalia: Disaster preparedness


An 80 year old woman, Hawo, stands with her herd of animals in a dry Somali landscape.

“Droughts are not new to me but to my experience, this is the worst I have ever seen,” says 80-year-old Hawo Hashi Mohamud.

Photo: Horn Connect for the IRC


Building resilience to recurring shocks and stresses is essential to helping children and families in East Africa survive natural disasters like droughts, locust infestations and a global pandemic.


Eighty-year-old Hawo Hashi Mohamud knows the impact of Somalia’s below-average rains all too well. Drought means the loss of their only source of income: their animals.


“Most of the people here are herders,” says Hawo. “They have less pasture for their livestock and their animals become weaker and less productive.”


The IRC has reached 280,000 Somalis like Hawo each year. As a member of the Building Resilient Communities in Somalia consortium, we have launched programs to help families—especially female-led ones—build financial resilience for when emergencies strike. We’ve transferred emergency cash to 1,400 Somalis so that they can meet their basic needs, provided entrepreneurship training and start-up grants to new business owners, and trained two village savings and loans groups to ensure remote communities are financially prepared for when a crisis strikes.


Next, let’s meet our teams in Ethiopia to see how they are helping families access the most basic life necessity: water.


Ethiopia: Emergency water trucking


Bilan, 40, fetches water at Kambe Kebele. She says to have had ten cattle before the drought, but now only has one. "We used to rely on our cattle for income, but now we share food with our neighbors." Elele  district, Somali Region.
Bilan Mohamud, a mother of four children, collects water for her family after an IRC water-truck crew made the two-day trip to reach her drought-affected community.

Photo: Martha Tadesse for the IRC


The IRC reaches over 3.2 million Ethiopians each year with vital support, including emergency water trucking, a lifesaving intervention for children and families. When water sources are cut off or run dry, our trucks carry 5,300 gallons of water to the affected villages, ensuring families receive water every three days.


People walk away from the camera, in the background is a beautiful but very dry and barren Ethiopian landscape.

Kebri Beyah, in the Somali region of Ethiopia

Photo: Martha Tadesse for the IRC


IRC emergency rapid response manager Niman Arab is proud of the IRC’s work reaching some of Ethiopia’s most remote villages with water and sanitation services. “Our team has witnessed the severity of the drought and how it affects the property of each member of the community,” he says. “One woman we spoke with used to have 200 goats before the drought, and now she only has 20 left.”


Lastly, let’s take a look at our teams in Kenya working around the clock to care for children suffering from malnutrition.


Kenya: Malnutrition treatment


Dr. Sila Monthe, 29, health manager for IRC at Kakuma, checks Vanessa,1, for malnutrition at Locher Angamor Health Dispensary in Kakuma Refugee Camp.

One-year-old Vanessa was showing signs of malnutrition and was brought to an IRC nutrition center where she met Dr. Sila Monthe.

Photo: Patrick Meinhardt for the IRC


In Kenya, where 941,000 children under the age of 5 are acutely malnourished, our teams have delivered critical care to over 300,000 people a year, including nutrition support for malnourished children.


Dr. Sila Monthe, an IRC health manager, has witnessed what many East African families are facing during this drought as her team works day and night at a refugee camp in Kenya that serves nearly 200,000 refugees from Somalia, Ethiopia and other crisis-affected countries.


“Families are reducing the number of times they eat in a day, so they say they will only take supper,” she says. “They are prioritizing the children, so the adults are not eating…. Some of them choose to buy less nutritious food, less expensive food, just something that can fill the stomach.”


The IRC offers both inpatient and outpatient therapeutic feeding. “The child should be gaining weight daily,” says Dr. Sila. “Every week they come back, we take their weight and we repeat [their measurements].”


After treatment, Dr. Sila and her team follow up with the children regularly to ensure they are healthy and receiving the nutrients they need.


A man feeds his son during a screening for malnutrition at Locher Angamor Health Dispensary in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Turkana, Kenya.

A man feeds his son during a screening for malnutrition at a refugee camp in Kenya. The IRC supports communities here who have seen their food rations reduced due to the continued consequences of severe drought and the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.

Photo: Patrick Meinhardt for the IRC


How can you help?


One of the best ways you can help our teams from afar is doing exactly what you’re doing now: stay informed about what’s happening in these countries—and donate!


Our teams work across more than 40 crisis-affected countries because generous supporters like you choose to fuel our work year after year.


Take a deeper dive into why millions of people across East Africa are facing extreme hunger: Learn more by reading this article.





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